Heroin and Its History
Heroin, the assailant whose accidental discovery was utterly for pure purposes before becoming one of the most feared additives of all time. Heroin was synthesized from morphine in 1874 though earlier discoveries had been dated as far back as around 3400 BC, it was discovered from Opium, the first Opioid, which was derived from the sap of opium poppies. It was initially used as a therapeutic agent for purposes that include relieving pain in cancer, pain attendant to childbirth and menstruation. Later discoveries made on the different use of morphine found out that, codeine and morphine could be extracted from Opium and morphine could be used as a cure for Opium addiction since the extent of its additive characteristics was not yet known. Heroin was introduced as a replacement for Morphine since Morphine abuse was documented but it turned out that heroin was also highly addictive.
Heroine usage varies from injecting into the veins, snorting, and smoking. It enters the brain rapidly and binds to opioid receptors on cells located in many areas especially those involved in feelings of pain and pleasure in controlling heart rate, sleeping, and breathing. Heroin street names include; black tar, chiva, china white, junk, Mexican Brown, skag and smag.
Side effects of heroin include respiratory depression, dry mouth, drowsiness, impaired mental function, constipation, and addiction. Heroin has become a global phenomenon that when people die from overdosing on a drug, the drug is usually an Opioid and often, Heroin.
Although considered a harmful drug and highly addictive, it also has medicinal uses which include as a Pain Medication, Cough repressant and Anti-Diarrheal Drug.