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Eurozone gets fresh help to bolster flagging growth

ECB chief Mario Draghi
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Mario Draghi said the ECB had cut its forecasts for both inflation and economic growth

The European Central Bank has unveiled fresh stimulus measures to bolster the eurozone, including cutting a key interest rate.

He said the eurozone was suffering from the “prevailing weakness of international trade in an environment of prolonged global uncertainties”.

The eurozone’s biggest economy, Germany, is widely thought to be on the brink of recession.

The ECB’s decisions drew a swift reaction from US President Donald Trump, who tweeted that the ECB was “trying, and succeeding, in depreciating the euro against the VERY strong dollar”.

Responding to Mr Trump’s comments, Mr Draghi referred to him as “the First Tweeter”.

“We have a mandate, we pursue price stability, and we do not target exchange rates, period,” he said.

‘Serious policy easing’

Mr Draghi is due to make way for incoming ECB President Christine Lagarde on 1 November.

The ECB’s main refinancing rate has been at zero since March 2016.

“At first glance, the ECB has not quite thrown the kitchen sink at the eurozone economy,” said Ranko Berich, head of market analysis at Monex Europe.

“The QE package is shy of market expectations, which were €30bn a month. But the Bank is clearly back in the business of serious policy easing and more aggressive action could easily be taken in response to a worsening in conditions.”


Analysis

By Andrew Walker, BBC economics correspondent

So the ECB has fired off another volley of its monetary policy ammunition. But will it hit the target? Will it get inflation up towards the ECB’s target and will it stimulate the eurozone’s flagging economy? Many people are very sceptical.

The interest rate move takes us even further into the strange world of negative rates. There is a view that that measure is actually counterproductive, that it has an adverse impact on bank profitability. Perhaps ECB policy more widely has reached the limit of its ability to stimulate economic activity.

The other main weapon against economic weakness is in the hands of governments – fiscal policy, or public spending and taxation. For some governments in the eurozone, their scope to use that weapon is constrained by the amount of debt they already have and by eurozone rules. But the likely next head of the ECB, Christine Lagarde has called for more action in that area.

Countries such as Germany have strong government finances, but so far have been wary of departing from what they see as prudent financial management. There is, however, a growing debate about what the eurozone needs.

About Oluwadamilare Funsho

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